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The development of hydrogen fuel cells

2024-01-06

According to the Energy Storage International Summit, as a truly "zero-emission" clean energy, the application of hydrogen fuel cells in developed countries is accelerating. Japan will build 100 hydrogen refueling stations by 2015, and the European Union has also passed a project to increase fuel cell buses. This shows that the fuel cell has really moved from the laboratory to the industrialization. Compared with the lithium battery, it has the advantage of zero pollution.

The U.S. Department of Energy said in a statement that South Korean automaker Hyundai Motor, German automaker Mercedes-Benz, Japanese automakers Nissan Motor and Toyota Motor have reached agreements with the department to prepare to launch the first round of hydrogen-powered vehicles. This public sector-private partnership model will focus on the construction of hydrogen energy infrastructure and will be named H2USA.

At the European level, the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, France, the United Kingdom and Germany have reached an agreement to jointly develop and promote hydrogen energy vehicles. The countries will jointly build a European hydrogen facility network and coordinate energy transmission. The British government has proposed that it will vigorously develop hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. It plans to have 1.6 million hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the UK by 2030, and make its market share reach 30%-50% by 2050.

China's first hydrogen fuel cell electric locomotive was successfully developed after four - year development and can be used in industrial fields, such as mining tractors. In addition, during the 2008 Olympic Games, 20 hydrogen fuel cell cars independently developed by my country were put into operation. They were the first batch of fuel cell cars to obtain a national road permit. Tongji University participated in the development. On June 30, 2010, Shandong Dongyue Group announced to the world that China's self-developed chlor-alkali perfluorinated ion membrane and fuel cell membrane have been localized. After 8 years of scientific research, it broke the long-term monopoly of the United States and Japan on this technology. At the same time, a production plant with an annual output of 500 tons for the manufacture of sulfonic acid resin ion membranes, the core material of fuel cells, completed by "Dongyue" has been completed and put into operation, solving the major bottleneck in the production of hydrogen fuel cells. China has become the third country with the technology and industrialization capability since that.


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